设置

All configurable data is placed in config.inc.php in phpMyAdmin’s toplevel directory. If this file does not exist, please refer to the 安装 section to create one. This file only needs to contain the parameters you want to change from their corresponding default value in libraries/config.default.php (this file is not inteded for changes).

参见

Examples for examples of configurations

If a directive is missing from your file, you can just add another line with the file. This file is for over-writing the defaults; if you wish to use the default value there’s no need to add a line here.

与设计相关的设置(如颜色)是通过 themes/主题名/layout.inc.php 定义的。您也许想要创建 config.footer.inc.phpconfig.header.inc.php 文件向每个页面添加您网站的特殊代码作为页眉和页脚。

注解

有些版本(如:Debian 或 Ubuntu)将 config.inc.php 放在 /etc/phpmyadmin 中而不是 phpMyAdmin 源代码中。

警告

Mac 用户需要注意若您的系统版本低于 Mac OS X,PHP 似乎不支持 Mac 式的换行符(\r)。所以在保存您修改过的脚本之前请确保您设置了让文本编辑器使用 *nix 式的换行符(\n)保存文件。

基本设置

$cfg['PmaAbsoluteUri']
类型:文本
Default value:''

在 4.6.5 版更改: This setting was not available in phpMyAdmin 4.6.0 - 4.6.4.

Sets here the complete URL (with full path) to your phpMyAdmin installation’s directory. E.g. https://www.example.net/path_to_your_phpMyAdmin_directory/. Note also that the URL on most of web servers are case sensitive (even on Windows). Don’t forget the trailing slash at the end.

Starting with version 2.3.0, it is advisable to try leaving this blank. In most cases phpMyAdmin automatically detects the proper setting. Users of port forwarding or complex reverse proxy setup might need to set this.

通过浏览一张表、编辑并保存一条记录可以测试出自动识别是否有问题。若有问题 phpMyAdmin 会提示出错。若您收到了必须设置或自动识别失败的错误,请在我们的缺陷追踪器上向我们提交一份缺陷报告以便我们能改进相关代码。

$cfg['PmaNoRelation_DisableWarning']
类型:boolean
Default value:false

Starting with version 2.3.0 phpMyAdmin offers a lot of features to work with master / foreign – tables (see $cfg['Servers'][$i]['pmadb']).

If you tried to set this up and it does not work for you, have a look on the Structure page of one database where you would like to use it. You will find a link that will analyze why those features have been disabled.

若您不想使用那些功能,将该项设为 true 即可隐藏提示信息。

$cfg['AuthLog']
类型:文本
Default value:'auto'

4.8.0 新版功能: This is supported since phpMyAdmin 4.8.0.

Configure authentication logging destination. Failed (or all, depending on $cfg['AuthLogSuccess']) authentication attempts will be logged according to this directive:

auto
Let phpMyAdmin automatically choose between syslog and php.
syslog
Log using syslog, using AUTH facility, on most systems this ends up in /var/log/auth.log.
php
Log into PHP error log.
sapi
Log into PHP SAPI logging.
/path/to/file
Any other value is treated as a filename and log entries are written there.

注解

When logging to a file, make sure its permissions are correctly set for a web server user, the setup should closely match instructions described in $cfg['TempDir']:

$cfg['AuthLogSuccess']
类型:boolean
Default value:false

4.8.0 新版功能: This is supported since phpMyAdmin 4.8.0.

Whether to log successful authentication attempts into $cfg['AuthLog'].

$cfg['SuhosinDisableWarning']
类型:boolean
Default value:false

若检测到 Suhosin 将在首页中显示警告。

将该项设为 true 即可隐藏提示信息。

$cfg['LoginCookieValidityDisableWarning']
类型:boolean
Default value:false

A warning is displayed on the main page if the PHP parameter session.gc_maxlifetime is lower than cookie validity configured in phpMyAdmin.

将该项设为 true 即可隐藏提示信息。

$cfg['ServerLibraryDifference_DisableWarning']
类型:boolean
Default value:false

4.7.0 版后已移除: This setting was removed as the warning has been removed as well.

若服务器与 MySQL 库版本不同将在首页中显示警告。

将该项设为 true 即可隐藏提示信息。

$cfg['ReservedWordDisableWarning']
类型:boolean
Default value:false

若表的一个或多个字段名为 MySQL 保留字时将在该表的结构页中显示警告。

将该项设为 true 即可关闭该警告。

$cfg['TranslationWarningThreshold']
类型:integer
Default value:80

显示翻译不完整警告的阈值。

$cfg['SendErrorReports']
类型:文本
Default value:'ask'

Sets the default behavior for JavaScript error reporting.

Whenever an error is detected in the JavaScript execution, an error report may be sent to the phpMyAdmin team if the user agrees.

The default setting of 'ask' will ask the user everytime there is a new error report. However you can set this parameter to 'always' to send error reports without asking for confirmation or you can set it to 'never' to never send error reports.

This directive is available both in the configuration file and in users preferences. If the person in charge of a multi-user installation prefers to disable this feature for all users, a value of 'never' should be set, and the $cfg['UserprefsDisallow'] directive should contain 'SendErrorReports' in one of its array values.

$cfg['ConsoleEnterExecutes']
类型:boolean
Default value:false

Setting this to true allows the user to execute queries by pressing Enter instead of Ctrl+Enter. A new line can be inserted by pressing Shift + Enter.

The behaviour of the console can be temporarily changed using console’s settings interface.

$cfg['AllowThirdPartyFraming']
类型:boolean
Default value:false

将该项设为 true 将允许 phpMyAdmin 被嵌入到框架中,这是一个潜在的安全隐患并将导致跨框架脚本攻击或点击劫持成为可能。

服务器连接设置

$cfg['Servers']
类型:array
Default value:one server array with settings listed below

自 1.4.2 起,phpMyAdmin 支持管理多个 MySQL 服务器。因此使用了 $cfg['Servers'] 数组来保存不同服务器的登录信息。第一个 $cfg['Servers'][$i]['host'] 表示第一个服务器的主机名,第二个 $cfg['Servers'][$i]['host'] 表示第二个服务器的主机名,以此类推。在 libraries/config.default.php 中,只有一节服务器的设置,您可以根据需要将其多次复制到 config.inc.php 中,完全复制或仅复制需要的部分(您要修改的部分)都行。

注解

$cfg['Servers'] 数组由 $cfg[‘Servers’][1] 开始。请勿使用 $cfg[‘Servers’][0]。若您需要多个服务器,请复制(包含自增的 $i)多次。您不需要设置所有服务器数组,设置您要修改的值即可。

$cfg['Servers'][$i]['host']
类型:文本
Default value:'localhost'

您第 $i 个 MySQL 服务器的主机名或 IP 地址。如 localhost

有效值有:

  • 主机名,如:'localhost''mydb.example.org'

  • IP 地址,如:'127.0.0.1''192.168.10.1'

  • IPv6 address, e.g. 2001:cdba:0000:0000:0000:0000:3257:9652
  • 点 - '.',即 Windows 系统上的命名管道

  • 空 - '',禁用该服务器

注解

The hostname localhost is handled specially by MySQL and it uses the socket based connection protocol. To use TCP/IP networking, use an IP address or hostname such as 127.0.0.1 or db.example.com. You can configure the path to the socket with $cfg['Servers'][$i]['socket'].

$cfg['Servers'][$i]['port']
类型:文本
Default value:''

您第 $i 个 MySQL 服务器的端口号。默认(留空)为 3306。

注解

若您使用 localhost 作为主机名,MySQL 将忽略端口号而使用套接字进行连接,所以若您想连接到非默认端口,请在 $cfg['Servers'][$i]['host'] 中填写 127.0.0.1 或真正的主机名。

$cfg['Servers'][$i]['socket']
类型:文本
Default value:''

要使用的套接字路径。留空为默认。要确定正确的套接字,请查看您的 MySQL 设置,或使用 MySQL 命令行客户端执行 status 命令。该命令将会显示出所使用的套接字。

注解

This takes effect only if $cfg['Servers'][$i]['host'] is set to localhost.

$cfg['Servers'][$i]['ssl']
类型:boolean
Default value:false

Whether to enable SSL for the connection between phpMyAdmin and the MySQL server to secure the connection.

When using the 'mysql' extension, none of the remaining 'ssl...' configuration options apply.

We strongly recommend the 'mysqli' extension when using this option.

$cfg['Servers'][$i]['ssl_key']
类型:文本
Default value:

Path to the client key file when using SSL for connecting to the MySQL server. This is used to authenticate the client to the server.

如:

$cfg['Servers'][$i]['ssl_key'] = '/etc/mysql/server-key.pem';
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['ssl_cert']
类型:文本
Default value:

Path to the client certificate file when using SSL for connecting to the MySQL server. This is used to authenticate the client to the server.

$cfg['Servers'][$i]['ssl_ca']
类型:文本
Default value:

通过 SSL 连接到 MySQL 服务器时所用的证书颁发机构文件路径。

$cfg['Servers'][$i]['ssl_ca_path']
类型:文本
Default value:

存放有 PEM 格式的受信任 SSL 证书颁发机构证书的文件夹。

$cfg['Servers'][$i]['ssl_ciphers']
类型:文本
Default value:

通过 SSL 连接到 MySQL 服务器时可以使用的加密算法列表。

$cfg['Servers'][$i]['ssl_verify']
类型:boolean
Default value:true

4.6.0 新版功能: This is supported since phpMyAdmin 4.6.0.

If your PHP install uses the MySQL Native Driver (mysqlnd), your MySQL server is 5.6 or later, and your SSL certificate is self-signed, there is a chance your SSL connection will fail due to validation. Setting this to false will disable the validation check.

Since PHP 5.6.0 it also verifies whether server name matches CN of its certificate. There is currently no way to disable just this check without disabling complete SSL verification.

警告

Disabling the certificate verification defeats purpose of using SSL. This will make the connection vulnerable to man in the middle attacks.

注解

This flag only works with PHP 5.6.16 or later.

$cfg['Servers'][$i]['connect_type']
类型:文本
Default value:'tcp'

4.7.0 版后已移除: This setting is no longer used as of 4.7.0, since MySQL decides the connection type based on host, so it could lead to unexpected results. Please set $cfg['Servers'][$i]['host'] accordingly instead.

设置如何连接到 MySQL 服务器。您可以选择 'socket''tcp'。默认为 tcp,因为几乎所有的 MySQL 服务器都支持,而有些平台是不支持套接字的。要使用套接字方式连接,您的 MySQL 服务器必须和网站服务器在同一台服务器上。

$cfg['Servers'][$i]['compress']
类型:boolean
Default value:false

设置是否使用压缩协议连接到 MySQL 服务器(试验性的)。

$cfg['Servers'][$i]['controlhost']
类型:文本
Default value:''

设置使用一个其它的主机来保存高级功能的数据。

$cfg['Servers'][$i]['controlport']
类型:文本
Default value:''

设置通过一个其它的端口来连接到保存高级功能数据的主机。

$cfg['Servers'][$i]['controluser']
类型:文本
Default value:''
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['controlpass']
类型:文本
Default value:''

This special account is used to access phpMyAdmin 高级功能. You don’t need it in single user case, but if phpMyAdmin is shared it is recommended to give access to phpMyAdmin 高级功能 only to this user and configure phpMyAdmin to use it. All users will then be able to use the features without need to have direct access to phpMyAdmin 高级功能.

在 2.2.5 版更改: those were called stduser and stdpass

$cfg['Servers'][$i]['control_*']
类型:mixed

4.7.0 新版功能.

You can change any MySQL connection setting for control link (used to access phpMyAdmin 高级功能) using configuration prefixed with control_.

This can be used to change any aspect of the control connection, which by default uses same parameters as the user one.

For example you can configure SSL for the control connection:

// Enable SSL
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['control_ssl'] = true;
// Client secret key
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['control_ssl_key'] = '../client-key.pem';
// Client certificate
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['control_ssl_cert'] = '../client-cert.pem';
// Server certification authority
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['control_ssl_ca'] = '../server-ca.pem';
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['auth_type']
类型:文本
Default value:'cookie'

设置该服务器是使用 config 还是 cookie 还是 HTTP 还是 signon 认证方式。

  • ‘config’ authentication ($auth_type = 'config') is the plain old way: username and password are stored in config.inc.php.
  • ‘cookie’ authentication mode ($auth_type = 'cookie') allows you to log in as any valid MySQL user with the help of cookies.
  • ‘http’ authentication allows you to log in as any valid MySQL user via HTTP-Auth.
  • ‘signon’ authentication mode ($auth_type = 'signon') allows you to log in from prepared PHP session data or using supplied PHP script.
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['auth_http_realm']
类型:文本
Default value:''

在 auth_type = http 时,您可以通过该项设置一个自定义的 HTTP 基本认证提示信息给用户。若不设置,将使用“phpMyAdmin ”加上 $cfg['Servers'][$i]['verbose']$cfg['Servers'][$i]['host']

$cfg['Servers'][$i]['user']
类型:文本
Default value:'root'
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['password']
类型:文本
Default value:''

When using $cfg['Servers'][$i]['auth_type'] set to ‘config’, this is the user/password-pair which phpMyAdmin will use to connect to the MySQL server. This user/password pair is not needed when HTTP or cookie authentication is used and should be empty.

$cfg['Servers'][$i]['nopassword']
类型:boolean
Default value:false

4.7.0 版后已移除: This setting was removed as it can produce unexpected results.

设置使用密码登录失败时是否允许尝试使用空密码登录。可与 http 认证同时使用,或通过其他方式完成认证使得 phpMyAdmin 取得用户名及空密码来连接到 MySQL 。然而总是会先尝试使用密码登录的。

$cfg['Servers'][$i]['only_db']
类型:string or array
Default value:''

If set to a (an array of) database name(s), only this (these) database(s) will be shown to the user. Since phpMyAdmin 2.2.1, this/these database(s) name(s) may contain MySQL wildcards characters (“_” and “%”): if you want to use literal instances of these characters, escape them (I.E. use 'my\_db' and not 'my_db').

This setting is an efficient way to lower the server load since the latter does not need to send MySQL requests to build the available database list. But it does not replace the privileges rules of the MySQL database server. If set, it just means only these databases will be displayed but not that all other databases can’t be used.

An example of using more that one database:

$cfg['Servers'][$i]['only_db'] = array('db1', 'db2');

在 4.0.0 版更改: Previous versions permitted to specify the display order of the database names via this directive.

$cfg['Servers'][$i]['hide_db']
类型:文本
Default value:''

Regular expression for hiding some databases from unprivileged users. This only hides them from listing, but a user is still able to access them (using, for example, the SQL query area). To limit access, use the MySQL privilege system. For example, to hide all databases starting with the letter “a”, use

$cfg['Servers'][$i]['hide_db'] = '^a';

and to hide both “db1” and “db2” use

$cfg['Servers'][$i]['hide_db'] = '^(db1|db2)$';

More information on regular expressions can be found in the PCRE pattern syntax portion of the PHP reference manual.

$cfg['Servers'][$i]['verbose']
类型:文本
Default value:''

仅在通过 phpMyAdmin 管理多个服务器时有用。主页的下拉菜单中将用此值代替主机名。如果你想只显示系统中部分数据库时也有用,如,使用 HTTP 认证时,所有非 ASCII 字符都将被删除。

$cfg['Servers'][$i]['extension']
类型:文本
Default value:'mysqli'

The PHP MySQL extension to use (mysql or mysqli).

It is recommended to use mysqli in all installations.

$cfg['Servers'][$i]['pmadb']
类型:文本
Default value:''

包含 phpMyAdmin 高级功能数据的数据库名。

See the phpMyAdmin 高级功能 section in this document to see the benefits of this feature, and for a quick way of creating this database and the needed tables.

If you are the only user of this phpMyAdmin installation, you can use your current database to store those special tables; in this case, just put your current database name in $cfg['Servers'][$i]['pmadb']. For a multi-user installation, set this parameter to the name of your central database containing the phpMyAdmin configuration storage.

$cfg['Servers'][$i]['bookmarktable']
类型:string or false
Default value:''

Since release 2.2.0 phpMyAdmin allows users to bookmark queries. This can be useful for queries you often run. To allow the usage of this functionality:

This feature can be disabled by setting the configuration to false.

$cfg['Servers'][$i]['relation']
类型:string or false
Default value:''

Since release 2.2.4 you can describe, in a special ‘relation’ table, which column is a key in another table (a foreign key). phpMyAdmin currently uses this to:

字段值可以是数字或者字符。

要启用此功能:

  • set up $cfg['Servers'][$i]['pmadb'] and the phpMyAdmin configuration storage
  • put the relation table name in $cfg['Servers'][$i]['relation']
  • now as normal user open phpMyAdmin and for each one of your tables where you want to use this feature, click Structure/Relation view/ and choose foreign columns.

This feature can be disabled by setting the configuration to false.

注解

In the current version, master_db must be the same as foreign_db. Those columns have been put in future development of the cross-db relations.

$cfg['Servers'][$i]['table_info']
类型:string or false
Default value:''

Since release 2.3.0 you can describe, in a special ‘table_info’ table, which column is to be displayed as a tool-tip when moving the cursor over the corresponding key. This configuration variable will hold the name of this special table. To allow the usage of this functionality:

This feature can be disabled by setting the configuration to false.

$cfg['Servers'][$i]['table_coords']
类型:string or false
Default value:''

The designer feature can save your page layout; by pressing the “Save page” or “Save page as” button in the expanding designer menu, you can customize the layout and have it loaded the next time you use the designer. That layout is stored in this table. Furthermore, this table is also required for using the PDF relation export feature, see $cfg['Servers'][$i]['pdf_pages'] for additional details.

$cfg['Servers'][$i]['pdf_pages']
类型:string or false
Default value:''

Since release 2.3.0 you can have phpMyAdmin create PDF pages showing the relations between your tables. Further, the designer interface permits visually managing the relations. To do this it needs two tables “pdf_pages” (storing information about the available PDF pages) and “table_coords” (storing coordinates where each table will be placed on a PDF schema output). You must be using the “relation” feature.

要启用此功能:

This feature can be disabled by setting either of the configurations to false.

$cfg['Servers'][$i]['column_info']
类型:string or false
Default value:''

This part requires a content update! Since release 2.3.0 you can store comments to describe each column for each table. These will then be shown on the “printview”.

Starting with release 2.5.0, comments are consequently used on the table property pages and table browse view, showing up as tool-tips above the column name (properties page) or embedded within the header of table in browse view. They can also be shown in a table dump. Please see the relevant configuration directives later on.

Also new in release 2.5.0 is a MIME- transformation system which is also based on the following table structure. See 转换 for further information. To use the MIME- transformation system, your column_info table has to have the three new columns ‘mimetype’, ‘transformation’, ‘transformation_options’.

Starting with release 4.3.0, a new input-oriented transformation system has been introduced. Also, backward compatibility code used in the old transformations system was removed. As a result, an update to column_info table is necessary for previous transformations and the new input-oriented transformation system to work. phpMyAdmin will upgrade it automatically for you by analyzing your current column_info table structure. However, if something goes wrong with the auto-upgrade then you can use the SQL script found in ./sql/upgrade_column_info_4_3_0+.sql to upgrade it manually.

要启用此功能:

  • set up $cfg['Servers'][$i]['pmadb'] and the phpMyAdmin configuration storage

  • put the table name in $cfg['Servers'][$i]['column_info'] (e.g. pma__column_info)

  • to update your PRE-2.5.0 Column_comments table use this: and remember that the Variable in config.inc.php has been renamed from $cfg['Servers'][$i]['column_comments'] to $cfg['Servers'][$i]['column_info']

    ALTER TABLE `pma__column_comments`
    ADD `mimetype` VARCHAR( 255 ) NOT NULL,
    ADD `transformation` VARCHAR( 255 ) NOT NULL,
    ADD `transformation_options` VARCHAR( 255 ) NOT NULL;
    
  • to update your PRE-4.3.0 Column_info table manually use this ./sql/upgrade_column_info_4_3_0+.sql SQL script.

This feature can be disabled by setting the configuration to false.

注解

For auto-upgrade functionality to work, your $cfg['Servers'][$i]['controluser'] must have ALTER privilege on phpmyadmin database. See the MySQL documentation for GRANT on how to GRANT privileges to a user.

$cfg['Servers'][$i]['history']
类型:string or false
Default value:''

Since release 2.5.0 you can store your SQL history, which means all queries you entered manually into the phpMyAdmin interface. If you don’t want to use a table-based history, you can use the JavaScript-based history.

Using that, all your history items are deleted when closing the window. Using $cfg['QueryHistoryMax'] you can specify an amount of history items you want to have on hold. On every login, this list gets cut to the maximum amount.

查询历史仅在浏览器启用 JavaScript 时可用。

要启用此功能:

This feature can be disabled by setting the configuration to false.

$cfg['Servers'][$i]['recent']
类型:string or false
Default value:''

Since release 3.5.0 you can show recently used tables in the navigation panel. It helps you to jump across table directly, without the need to select the database, and then select the table. Using $cfg['NumRecentTables'] you can configure the maximum number of recent tables shown. When you select a table from the list, it will jump to the page specified in $cfg['NavigationTreeDefaultTabTable'].

Without configuring the storage, you can still access the recently used tables, but it will disappear after you logout.

To allow the usage of this functionality persistently:

This feature can be disabled by setting the configuration to false.

$cfg['Servers'][$i]['favorite']
类型:string or false
Default value:''

Since release 4.2.0 you can show a list of selected tables in the navigation panel. It helps you to jump to the table directly, without the need to select the database, and then select the table. When you select a table from the list, it will jump to the page specified in $cfg['NavigationTreeDefaultTabTable'].

You can add tables to this list or remove tables from it in database structure page by clicking on the star icons next to table names. Using $cfg['NumFavoriteTables'] you can configure the maximum number of favorite tables shown.

Without configuring the storage, you can still access the favorite tables, but it will disappear after you logout.

To allow the usage of this functionality persistently:

This feature can be disabled by setting the configuration to false.

$cfg['Servers'][$i]['table_uiprefs']
类型:string or false
Default value:''

Since release 3.5.0 phpMyAdmin can be configured to remember several things (sorted column $cfg['RememberSorting'], column order, and column visibility from a database table) for browsing tables. Without configuring the storage, these features still can be used, but the values will disappear after you logout.

To allow the usage of these functionality persistently:

This feature can be disabled by setting the configuration to false.

$cfg['Servers'][$i]['users']
类型:string or false
Default value:''
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['usergroups']
类型:string or false
Default value:''

Since release 4.1.0 you can create different user groups with menu items attached to them. Users can be assigned to these groups and the logged in user would only see menu items configured to the usergroup he is assigned to. To do this it needs two tables “usergroups” (storing allowed menu items for each user group) and “users” (storing users and their assignments to user groups).

要启用此功能:

This feature can be disabled by setting either of the configurations to false.

$cfg['Servers'][$i]['navigationhiding']
类型:string or false
Default value:''

Since release 4.1.0 you can hide/show items in the navigation tree.

要启用此功能:

This feature can be disabled by setting the configuration to false.

$cfg['Servers'][$i]['central_columns']
类型:string or false
Default value:''

Since release 4.3.0 you can have a central list of columns per database. You can add/remove columns to the list as per your requirement. These columns in the central list will be available to use while you create a new column for a table or create a table itself. You can select a column from central list while creating a new column, it will save you from writing the same column definition over again or from writing different names for similar column.

要启用此功能:

This feature can be disabled by setting the configuration to false.

$cfg['Servers'][$i]['designer_settings']
类型:string or false
Default value:''

Since release 4.5.0 your designer settings can be remembered. Your choice regarding ‘Angular/Direct Links’, ‘Snap to Grid’, ‘Toggle Relation Lines’, ‘Small/Big All’, ‘Move Menu’ and ‘Pin Text’ can be remembered persistently.

要启用此功能:

This feature can be disabled by setting the configuration to false.

$cfg['Servers'][$i]['savedsearches']
类型:string or false
Default value:''

Since release 4.2.0 you can save and load query-by-example searches from the Database > Query panel.

要启用此功能:

This feature can be disabled by setting the configuration to false.

$cfg['Servers'][$i]['export_templates']
类型:string or false
Default value:''

Since release 4.5.0 you can save and load export templates.

要启用此功能:

This feature can be disabled by setting the configuration to false.

$cfg['Servers'][$i]['tracking']
类型:string or false
Default value:''

Since release 3.3.x a tracking mechanism is available. It helps you to track every SQL command which is executed by phpMyAdmin. The mechanism supports logging of data manipulation and data definition statements. After enabling it you can create versions of tables.

创建版本会造成两个影响:

  • phpMyAdmin 保存当前数据表的快照,包括结构和索引。

  • phpMyAdmin 针对当前数据表记录的所有修改结构和/或数据的命令都将与版本关联。

Of course you can view the tracked changes. On the Tracking page a complete report is available for every version. For the report you can use filters, for example you can get a list of statements within a date range. When you want to filter usernames you can enter * for all names or you enter a list of names separated by ‘,’. In addition you can export the (filtered) report to a file or to a temporary database.

要启用此功能:

This feature can be disabled by setting the configuration to false.

$cfg['Servers'][$i]['tracking_version_auto_create']
类型:boolean
Default value:false

设置追踪系统是否自动为数据表和视图创建版本。

若设为 true 然后你通过

  • CREATE TABLE ...
  • CREATE VIEW ...

创建了一张表或视图并且它当前没有任何版本,系统将会自动为你创建一个版本。

$cfg['Servers'][$i]['tracking_default_statements']
类型:文本
Default value:'CREATE TABLE,ALTER TABLE,DROP TABLE,RENAME TABLE,CREATE INDEX,DROP INDEX,INSERT,UPDATE,DELETE,TRUNCATE,REPLACE,CREATE VIEW,ALTER VIEW,DROP VIEW,CREATE DATABASE,ALTER DATABASE,DROP DATABASE'

定义自动创建新版的命令列表。

$cfg['Servers'][$i]['tracking_add_drop_view']
类型:boolean
Default value:true

设置当记录视图创建时,是否在前面加上 DROP VIEW IF EXISTS 命令。

$cfg['Servers'][$i]['tracking_add_drop_table']
类型:boolean
Default value:true

设置当记录数据表创建时,是否在前面加上 DROP TABLE IF EXISTS 命令。

$cfg['Servers'][$i]['tracking_add_drop_database']
类型:boolean
Default value:true

设置当记录数据库创建时,是否在前面加上 DROP DATABASE IF EXISTS 命令。

$cfg['Servers'][$i]['userconfig']
类型:string or false
Default value:''

自 3.4.x 起 phpMyAdmin 允许用户自己设置大部分偏好并将设置保存在数据库中。

If you don’t allow for storing preferences in $cfg['Servers'][$i]['pmadb'], users can still personalize phpMyAdmin, but settings will be saved in browser’s local storage, or, it is is unavailable, until the end of session.

要启用此功能:

This feature can be disabled by setting the configuration to false.

$cfg['Servers'][$i]['MaxTableUiprefs']
类型:integer
Default value:100

Maximum number of rows saved in $cfg['Servers'][$i]['table_uiprefs'] table.

When tables are dropped or renamed, $cfg['Servers'][$i]['table_uiprefs'] may contain invalid data (referring to tables which no longer exist). We only keep this number of newest rows in $cfg['Servers'][$i]['table_uiprefs'] and automatically delete older rows.

$cfg['Servers'][$i]['SessionTimeZone']
类型:文本
Default value:''

Sets the time zone used by phpMyAdmin. Leave blank to use the time zone of your database server. Possible values are explained at https://dev.mysql.com/doc/refman/5.7/en/time-zone-support.html

This is useful when your database server uses a time zone which is different from the time zone you want to use in phpMyAdmin.

$cfg['Servers'][$i]['AllowRoot']
类型:boolean
Default value:true

Whether to allow root access. This is just a shortcut for the $cfg['Servers'][$i]['AllowDeny']['rules'] below.

$cfg['Servers'][$i]['AllowNoPassword']
类型:boolean
Default value:false

Whether to allow logins without a password. The default value of false for this parameter prevents unintended access to a MySQL server with was left with an empty password for root or on which an anonymous (blank) user is defined.

$cfg['Servers'][$i]['AllowDeny']['order']
类型:文本
Default value:''

If your rule order is empty, then IP authorization is disabled.

If your rule order is set to 'deny,allow' then the system applies all deny rules followed by allow rules. Access is allowed by default. Any client which does not match a Deny command or does match an Allow command will be allowed access to the server.

If your rule order is set to 'allow,deny' then the system applies all allow rules followed by deny rules. Access is denied by default. Any client which does not match an Allow directive or does match a Deny directive will be denied access to the server.

If your rule order is set to 'explicit', authorization is performed in a similar fashion to rule order ‘deny,allow’, with the added restriction that your host/username combination must be listed in the allow rules, and not listed in the deny rules. This is the most secure means of using Allow/Deny rules, and was available in Apache by specifying allow and deny rules without setting any order.

Please also see $cfg['TrustedProxies'] for detecting IP address behind proxies.

$cfg['Servers'][$i]['AllowDeny']['rules']
类型:array of strings
Default value:array()

规则的格式通常为:

<'allow' | 'deny'> <username> [from] <ipmask>

If you wish to match all users, it is possible to use a '%' as a wildcard in the username field.

There are a few shortcuts you can use in the ipmask field as well (please note that those containing SERVER_ADDRESS might not be available on all webservers):

'all' -> 0.0.0.0/0
'localhost' -> 127.0.0.1/8
'localnetA' -> SERVER_ADDRESS/8
'localnetB' -> SERVER_ADDRESS/16
'localnetC' -> SERVER_ADDRESS/24

Having an empty rule list is equivalent to either using 'allow % from all' if your rule order is set to 'deny,allow' or 'deny % from all' if your rule order is set to 'allow,deny' or 'explicit'.

For the IP address matching system, the following work:

  • xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx (an exact IP address)
  • xxx.xxx.xxx.[yyy-zzz] (an IP address range)
  • xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx/nn (CIDR, Classless Inter-Domain Routing type IP addresses)

而下列形式是无效的:

  • xxx.xxx.xxx.xx[yyy-zzz] (partial IP address range)

For IPv6 addresses, the following work:

  • xxxx:xxxx:xxxx:xxxx:xxxx:xxxx:xxxx:xxxx (an exact IPv6 address)
  • xxxx:xxxx:xxxx:xxxx:xxxx:xxxx:xxxx:[yyyy-zzzz] (an IPv6 address range)
  • xxxx:xxxx:xxxx:xxxx/nn (CIDR, Classless Inter-Domain Routing type IPv6 addresses)

而下列形式是无效的:

  • xxxx:xxxx:xxxx:xxxx:xxxx:xxxx:xxxx:xx[yyy-zzz] (partial IPv6 address range)
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['DisableIS']
类型:boolean
Default value:false

Disable using INFORMATION_SCHEMA to retrieve information (use SHOW commands instead), because of speed issues when many databases are present.

注解

Enabling this option might give you a big performance boost on older MySQL servers.

$cfg['Servers'][$i]['SignonScript']
类型:文本
Default value:''

3.5.0 新版功能.

Name of PHP script to be sourced and executed to obtain login credentials. This is alternative approach to session based single signon. The script has to provide a function called get_login_credentials which returns list of username and password, accepting single parameter of existing username (can be empty). See examples/signon-script.php for an example:

<?php
/* vim: set expandtab sw=4 ts=4 sts=4: */
/**
 * Single signon for phpMyAdmin
 *
 * This is just example how to use script based single signon with
 * phpMyAdmin, it is not intended to be perfect code and look, only
 * shows how you can integrate this functionality in your application.
 *
 * @package    PhpMyAdmin
 * @subpackage Example
 */


/**
 * This function returns username and password.
 *
 * It can optionally use configured username as parameter.
 *
 * @param string $user User name
 *
 * @return array
 */
function get_login_credentials($user)
{
    /* Optionally we can use passed username */
    if (!empty($user)) {
        return array($user, 'password');
    }

    /* Here we would retrieve the credentials */
    $credentials = array('root', '');

    return $credentials;
}
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['SignonSession']
类型:文本
Default value:''

Name of session which will be used for signon authentication method. You should use something different than phpMyAdmin, because this is session which phpMyAdmin uses internally. Takes effect only if $cfg['Servers'][$i]['SignonScript'] is not configured.

$cfg['Servers'][$i]['SignonCookieParams']
类型:array
Default value:array()

4.7.0 新版功能.

An associative array of session cookie parameters of other authentication system. It is not needed if the other system doesn’t use session_set_cookie_params(). Keys should include ‘lifetime’, ‘path’, ‘domain’, ‘secure’ or ‘httponly’. Valid values are mentioned in session_get_cookie_params, they should be set to same values as the other application uses. Takes effect only if $cfg['Servers'][$i]['SignonScript'] is not configured.

$cfg['Servers'][$i]['SignonURL']
类型:文本
Default value:''

URL where user will be redirected to log in for signon authentication method. Should be absolute including protocol.

$cfg['Servers'][$i]['LogoutURL']
类型:文本
Default value:''

URL where user will be redirected after logout (doesn’t affect config authentication method). Should be absolute including protocol.

Generic settings

$cfg['DisableShortcutKeys']
类型:boolean
Default value:false

You can disable phpMyAdmin shortcut keys by setting $cfg['DisableShortcutKeys'] to false.

$cfg['ServerDefault']
类型:integer
Default value:1

If you have more than one server configured, you can set $cfg['ServerDefault'] to any one of them to autoconnect to that server when phpMyAdmin is started, or set it to 0 to be given a list of servers without logging in.

If you have only one server configured, $cfg['ServerDefault'] MUST be set to that server.

$cfg['VersionCheck']
类型:boolean
Default value:true

Enables check for latest versions using JavaScript on the main phpMyAdmin page or by directly accessing version_check.php.

注解

This setting can be adjusted by your vendor.

$cfg['ProxyUrl']
类型:文本
Default value:“”

The url of the proxy to be used when phpmyadmin needs to access the outside internet such as when retrieving the latest version info or submitting error reports. You need this if the server where phpMyAdmin is installed does not have direct access to the internet. The format is: “hostname:portnumber”

$cfg['ProxyUser']
类型:文本
Default value:“”

连接代理服务器时使用的用户名。如果提供用户名,将使用基本认证方式连接。目前还不支持其他认证方式。

$cfg['ProxyPass']
类型:文本
Default value:“”

代理服务的密码.

$cfg['MaxDbList']
类型:integer
Default value:100

The maximum number of database names to be displayed in the main panel’s database list.

$cfg['MaxTableList']
类型:integer
Default value:250

The maximum number of table names to be displayed in the main panel’s list (except on the Export page).

$cfg['ShowHint']
类型:boolean
Default value:true

Whether or not to show hints (for example, hints when hovering over table headers).

$cfg['MaxCharactersInDisplayedSQL']
类型:integer
Default value:1000

The maximum number of characters when a SQL query is displayed. The default limit of 1000 should be correct to avoid the display of tons of hexadecimal codes that represent BLOBs, but some users have real SQL queries that are longer than 1000 characters. Also, if a query’s length exceeds this limit, this query is not saved in the history.

$cfg['PersistentConnections']
类型:boolean
Default value:false

Whether persistent connections should be used or not. Works with following extensions:

$cfg['ForceSSL']
类型:boolean
Default value:false

4.6.0 版后已移除: This setting is no longer available since phpMyAdmin 4.6.0. Please adjust your webserver instead.

Whether to force using https while accessing phpMyAdmin. In a reverse proxy setup, setting this to true is not supported.

注解

In some setups (like separate SSL proxy or load balancer) you might have to set $cfg['PmaAbsoluteUri'] for correct redirection.

$cfg['ExecTimeLimit']
类型:integer [number of seconds]
Default value:300

Set the number of seconds a script is allowed to run. If seconds is set to zero, no time limit is imposed. This setting is used while importing/exporting dump files but has no effect when PHP is running in safe mode.

$cfg['SessionSavePath']
类型:文本
Default value:''

Path for storing session data (session_save_path PHP parameter).

警告

This folder should not be publicly accessible through the webserver, otherwise you risk leaking private data from your session.

$cfg['MemoryLimit']
类型:string [number of bytes]
Default value:'-1'

Set the number of bytes a script is allowed to allocate. If set to '-1', no limit is imposed. If set to '0', no change of the memory limit is attempted and the php.ini memory_limit is used.

This setting is used while importing/exporting dump files so you definitely don’t want to put here a too low value. It has no effect when PHP is running in safe mode.

You can also use any string as in php.ini, eg. ‘16M’. Ensure you don’t omit the suffix (16 means 16 bytes!)

$cfg['SkipLockedTables']
类型:boolean
Default value:false

标记正在使用的表以使得可以显示含有已锁定表的数据库 (自 MySQL 3.23.30 起) 。

$cfg['ShowSQL']
类型:boolean
Default value:true

Defines whether SQL queries generated by phpMyAdmin should be displayed or not.

$cfg['RetainQueryBox']
类型:boolean
Default value:false

Defines whether the SQL query box should be kept displayed after its submission.

$cfg['CodemirrorEnable']
类型:boolean
Default value:true

Defines whether to use a Javascript code editor for SQL query boxes. CodeMirror provides syntax highlighting and line numbers. However, middle-clicking for pasting the clipboard contents in some Linux distributions (such as Ubuntu) is not supported by all browsers.

$cfg['DefaultForeignKeyChecks']
类型:文本
Default value:'default'

Default value of the checkbox for foreign key checks, to disable/enable foreign key checks for certain queries. The possible values are 'default', 'enable' or 'disable'. If set to 'default', the value of the MySQL variable FOREIGN_KEY_CHECKS is used.

$cfg['AllowUserDropDatabase']
类型:boolean
Default value:false

警告

This is not a security measure as there will be always ways to circumvent this. If you want to prohibit users from dropping databases, revoke their corresponding DROP privilege.

Defines whether normal users (non-administrator) are allowed to delete their own database or not. If set as false, the link Drop Database will not be shown, and even a DROP DATABASE mydatabase will be rejected. Quite practical for ISP ‘s with many customers.

This limitation of SQL queries is not as strict as when using MySQL privileges. This is due to nature of SQL queries which might be quite complicated. So this choice should be viewed as help to avoid accidental dropping rather than strict privilege limitation.

$cfg['Confirm']
类型:boolean
Default value:true

Whether a warning (“Are your really sure...”) should be displayed when you’re about to lose data.

$cfg['UseDbSearch']
类型:boolean
Default value:true

设置是否允许使用 “数据库搜索” 。

$cfg['IgnoreMultiSubmitErrors']
类型:boolean
Default value:false

设置 phpMyAdmin 是否在执行多语句查询出错的时候继续执行。默认为中断执行。

主面板

$cfg['ShowStats']
类型:boolean
Default value:true

Defines whether or not to display space usage and statistics about databases and tables. Note that statistics requires at least MySQL 3.23.3 and that, at this date, MySQL doesn’t return such information for Berkeley DB tables.

$cfg['ShowServerInfo']
类型:boolean
Default value:true

Defines whether to display detailed server information on main page. You can additionally hide more information by using $cfg['Servers'][$i]['verbose'].

$cfg['ShowPhpInfo']
类型:boolean
Default value:false

Defines whether to display the PHP information or not at the starting main (right) frame.

Please note that to block the usage of phpinfo() in scripts, you have to put this in your php.ini:

disable_functions = phpinfo()

警告

Enabling phpinfo page will leak quite a lot of information about server setup. Is it not recommended to enable this on shared installations.

This might also make easier some remote attacks on your installations, so enable this only when needed.

$cfg['ShowChgPassword']
类型:boolean
Default value:true

Defines whether to display the Change password link or not at the starting main (right) frame. This setting does not check MySQL commands entered directly.

Please note that enabling the Change password link has no effect with config authentication mode: because of the hard coded password value in the configuration file, end users can’t be allowed to change their passwords.

$cfg['ShowCreateDb']
类型:boolean
Default value:true

Defines whether to display the form for creating database or not at the starting main (right) frame. This setting does not check MySQL commands entered directly.

$cfg['ShowGitRevision']
类型:boolean
Default value:true

Defines whether to display informations about the current Git revision (if applicable) on the main panel.

$cfg['MysqlMinVersion']
类型:array

Defines the minimum supported MySQL version. The default is chosen by the phpMyAdmin team; however this directive was asked by a developer of the Plesk control panel to ease integration with older MySQL servers (where most of the phpMyAdmin features work).

数据库结构

$cfg['ShowDbStructureCreation']
类型:boolean
Default value:false

Defines whether the database structure page (tables list) has a “Creation” column that displays when each table was created.

$cfg['ShowDbStructureLastUpdate']
类型:boolean
Default value:false

Defines whether the database structure page (tables list) has a “Last update” column that displays when each table was last updated.

$cfg['ShowDbStructureLastCheck']
类型:boolean
Default value:false

Defines whether the database structure page (tables list) has a “Last check” column that displays when each table was last checked.

$cfg['HideStructureActions']
类型:boolean
Default value:true

Defines whether the table structure actions are hidden under a “More” drop-down.

浏览模式

$cfg['TableNavigationLinksMode']
类型:文本
Default value:'icons'

Defines whether the table navigation links contain 'icons', 'text' or 'both'.

$cfg['ActionLinksMode']
类型:文本
Default value:'both'

If set to icons, will display icons instead of text for db and table properties links (like Browse, Select, Insert, ...). Can be set to 'both' if you want icons AND text. When set to text, will only show text.

$cfg['RowActionType']
类型:文本
Default value:'both'

Whether to display icons or text or both icons and text in table row action segment. Value can be either of 'icons', 'text' or 'both'.

$cfg['ShowAll']
类型:boolean
Default value:false

Defines whether a user should be displayed a “Show all” button in browse mode or not in all cases. By default it is shown only on small tables (less than 500 rows) to avoid performance issues while getting too many rows.

$cfg['MaxRows']
类型:integer
Default value:25

Number of rows displayed when browsing a result set and no LIMIT clause is used. If the result set contains more rows, “Previous” and “Next” links will be shown. Possible values: 25,50,100,250,500.

$cfg['Order']
类型:文本
Default value:'SMART'

Defines whether columns are displayed in ascending (ASC) order, in descending (DESC) order or in a “smart” (SMART) order - I.E. descending order for columns of type TIME, DATE, DATETIME and TIMESTAMP, ascending order else- by default.

在 3.4.0 版更改: Since phpMyAdmin 3.4.0 the default value is 'SMART'.

$cfg['GridEditing']
类型:文本
Default value:'double-click'

Defines which action (double-click or click) triggers grid editing. Can be deactivated with the disabled value.

$cfg['RelationalDisplay']
类型:文本
Default value:'K'

Defines the initial behavior for Options > Relational. K, which is the default, displays the key while D shows the display column.

$cfg['SaveCellsAtOnce']
类型:boolean
Default value:false

Defines whether or not to save all edited cells at once for grid editing.

Editing mode

$cfg['ProtectBinary']
类型:boolean or string
Default value:'blob'

Defines whether BLOB or BINARY columns are protected from editing when browsing a table’s content. Valid values are:

  • false to allow editing of all columns;
  • 'blob' to allow editing of all columns except BLOBS;
  • 'noblob' to disallow editing of all columns except BLOBS (the opposite of 'blob');
  • 'all' to disallow editing of all BINARY or BLOB columns.
$cfg['ShowFunctionFields']
类型:boolean
Default value:true

Defines whether or not MySQL functions fields should be initially displayed in edit/insert mode. Since version 2.10, the user can toggle this setting from the interface.

$cfg['ShowFieldTypesInDataEditView']
类型:boolean
Default value:true

Defines whether or not type fields should be initially displayed in edit/insert mode. The user can toggle this setting from the interface.

$cfg['InsertRows']
类型:integer
Default value:2

Defines the default number of rows to be entered from the Insert page. Users can manually change this from the bottom of that page to add or remove blank rows.

$cfg['ForeignKeyMaxLimit']
类型:integer
Default value:100

If there are fewer items than this in the set of foreign keys, then a drop-down box of foreign keys is presented, in the style described by the $cfg['ForeignKeyDropdownOrder'] setting.

$cfg['ForeignKeyDropdownOrder']
类型:array
Default value:array(‘content-id’, ‘id-content’)

For the foreign key drop-down fields, there are several methods of display, offering both the key and value data. The contents of the array should be one or both of the following strings: content-id, id-content.

Export and import settings

$cfg['ZipDump']
类型:boolean
Default value:true
$cfg['GZipDump']
类型:boolean
Default value:true
$cfg['BZipDump']
类型:boolean
Default value:true

设置在创建转储文件时是否允许使用 zip/GZip/BZip2 压缩

$cfg['CompressOnFly']
类型:boolean
Default value:true

Defines whether to allow on the fly compression for GZip/BZip2 compressed exports. This doesn’t affect smaller dumps and allows users to create larger dumps that won’t otherwise fit in memory due to php memory limit. Produced files contain more GZip/BZip2 headers, but all normal programs handle this correctly.

$cfg['Export']
类型:array
Default value:array(...)

In this array are defined default parameters for export, names of items are similar to texts seen on export page, so you can easily identify what they mean.

$cfg['Export']['format']
类型:文本
Default value:'sql'

Default export format.

$cfg['Export']['method']
类型:文本
Default value:'quick'

Defines how the export form is displayed when it loads. Valid values are:

  • quick to display the minimum number of options to configure
  • custom to display every available option to configure
  • custom-no-form same as custom but does not display the option of using quick export
$cfg['Export']['charset']
类型:文本
Default value:''

Defines charset for generated export. By default no charset conversion is done assuming UTF-8.

$cfg['Export']['file_template_table']
类型:文本
Default value:'@TABLE@'

Default filename template for table exports.

$cfg['Export']['file_template_database']
类型:文本
Default value:'@DATABASE@'

Default filename template for database exports.

$cfg['Export']['file_template_server']
类型:文本
Default value:'@SERVER@'

Default filename template for server exports.

$cfg['Import']
类型:array
Default value:array(...)

In this array are defined default parameters for import, names of items are similar to texts seen on import page, so you can easily identify what they mean.

$cfg['Import']['charset']
类型:文本
Default value:''

Defines charset for import. By default no charset conversion is done assuming UTF-8.

Tabs display settings

$cfg['TabsMode']
类型:文本
Default value:'both'

Defines whether the menu tabs contain 'icons', 'text' or 'both'.

$cfg['PropertiesNumColumns']
类型:integer
Default value:1

How many columns will be utilized to display the tables on the database property view? When setting this to a value larger than 1, the type of the database will be omitted for more display space.

$cfg['DefaultTabServer']
类型:文本
Default value:'welcome'

Defines the tab displayed by default on server view. The possible values are the localized equivalent of:

  • welcome (recommended for multi-user setups)
  • databases,
  • status
  • variables
  • privileges
$cfg['DefaultTabDatabase']
类型:文本
Default value:'structure'

Defines the tab displayed by default on database view. The possible values are the localized equivalent of:

  • structure
  • sql
  • search
  • operations
$cfg['DefaultTabTable']
类型:文本
Default value:'browse'

Defines the tab displayed by default on table view. The possible values are the localized equivalent of:

  • structure
  • sql
  • search
  • insert
  • browse

PDF Options

$cfg['PDFPageSizes']
类型:array
Default value:array('A3', 'A4', 'A5', 'letter', 'legal')

Array of possible paper sizes for creating PDF pages.

You should never need to change this.

$cfg['PDFDefaultPageSize']
类型:文本
Default value:'A4'

Default page size to use when creating PDF pages. Valid values are any listed in $cfg['PDFPageSizes'].

Languages

$cfg['DefaultLang']
类型:文本
Default value:'en'

Defines the default language to use, if not browser-defined or user- defined. The corresponding language file needs to be in locale/code/LC_MESSAGES/phpmyadmin.mo.

$cfg['DefaultConnectionCollation']
类型:文本
Default value:'utf8mb4_general_ci'

Defines the default connection collation to use, if not user-defined. See the MySQL documentation for charsets for list of possible values.

$cfg['Lang']
类型:文本
Default value:not set

Force language to use. The corresponding language file needs to be in locale/code/LC_MESSAGES/phpmyadmin.mo.

$cfg['FilterLanguages']
类型:文本
Default value:''

Limit list of available languages to those matching the given regular expression. For example if you want only Czech and English, you should set filter to '^(cs|en)'.

$cfg['RecodingEngine']
类型:文本
Default value:'auto'

你可以在这里选择使用哪个函数来转换字符集。可选值有:

  • 自动 (auto) - 自动选择可用的函数 (首先尝试 iconv,然后 recode)

  • iconv - 使用 iconv 或 libiconv 函数

  • recode - use recode_string function
  • mb - use mbstring extension
  • 无 (none) - 禁止编码转换

Enabled charset conversion activates a pull-down menu in the Export and Import pages, to choose the character set when exporting a file. The default value in this menu comes from $cfg['Export']['charset'] and $cfg['Import']['charset'].

$cfg['IconvExtraParams']
类型:文本
Default value:'//TRANSLIT'

Specify some parameters for iconv used in charset conversion. See iconv documentation for details. By default //TRANSLIT is used, so that invalid characters will be transliterated.

$cfg['AvailableCharsets']
类型:array
Default value:array(...)

Available character sets for MySQL conversion. You can add your own (any of supported by recode/iconv) or remove these which you don’t use. Character sets will be shown in same order as here listed, so if you frequently use some of these move them to the top.

Web server settings

$cfg['OBGzip']
类型:string/boolean
Default value:'auto'

Defines whether to use GZip output buffering for increased speed in HTTP transfers. Set to true/false for enabling/disabling. When set to ‘auto’ (string), phpMyAdmin tries to enable output buffering and will automatically disable it if your browser has some problems with buffering. IE6 with a certain patch is known to cause data corruption when having enabled buffering.

$cfg['TrustedProxies']
类型:array
Default value:array()

Lists proxies and HTTP headers which are trusted for $cfg['Servers'][$i]['AllowDeny']['order']. This list is by default empty, you need to fill in some trusted proxy servers if you want to use rules for IP addresses behind proxy.

The following example specifies that phpMyAdmin should trust a HTTP_X_FORWARDED_FOR (X -Forwarded-For) header coming from the proxy 1.2.3.4:

$cfg['TrustedProxies'] = array('1.2.3.4' => 'HTTP_X_FORWARDED_FOR');

The $cfg['Servers'][$i]['AllowDeny']['rules'] directive uses the client’s IP address as usual.

$cfg['GD2Available']
类型:文本
Default value:'auto'

Specifies whether GD >= 2 is available. If yes it can be used for MIME transformations. Possible values are:

  • auto - automatically detect
  • 是 (yes) - GD 2 函数库可以使用

  • 否 (no) - GD 2 函数库不可用

$cfg['CheckConfigurationPermissions']
类型:boolean
Default value:true

We normally check the permissions on the configuration file to ensure it’s not world writable. However, phpMyAdmin could be installed on a NTFS filesystem mounted on a non-Windows server, in which case the permissions seems wrong but in fact cannot be detected. In this case a sysadmin would set this parameter to false.

$cfg['LinkLengthLimit']
类型:integer
Default value:1000

Limit for length of URL in links. When length would be above this limit, it is replaced by form with button. This is required as some web servers (IIS) have problems with long URL .

$cfg['CSPAllow']
类型:文本
Default value:''

Additional string to include in allowed script and image sources in Content Security Policy header.

This can be useful when you want to include some external JavaScript files in config.footer.inc.php or config.header.inc.php, which would be normally not allowed by Content Security Policy.

To allow some sites, just list them within the string:

$cfg['CSPAllow'] = 'example.com example.net';

4.0.4 新版功能.

$cfg['DisableMultiTableMaintenance']
类型:boolean
Default value:false

In the database Structure page, it’s possible to mark some tables then choose an operation like optimizing for many tables. This can slow down a server; therefore, setting this to true prevents this kind of multiple maintenance operation.

Theme settings

Please directly modify themes/themename/layout.inc.php, although your changes will be overwritten with the next update.

Design customization

$cfg['NavigationTreePointerEnable']
类型:boolean
Default value:true

When set to true, hovering over an item in the navigation panel causes that item to be marked (the background is highlighted).

$cfg['BrowsePointerEnable']
类型:boolean
Default value:true

When set to true, hovering over a row in the Browse page causes that row to be marked (the background is highlighted).

$cfg['BrowseMarkerEnable']
类型:boolean
Default value:true

When set to true, a data row is marked (the background is highlighted) when the row is selected with the checkbox.

$cfg['LimitChars']
类型:integer
Default value:50

Maximum number of characters shown in any non-numeric field on browse view. Can be turned off by a toggle button on the browse page.

类型:文本
Default value:'left'

Defines the place where table row links (Edit, Copy, Delete) would be put when tables contents are displayed (you may have them displayed at the left side, right side, both sides or nowhere).

$cfg['RowActionLinksWithoutUnique']
类型:boolean
Default value:false

Defines whether to show row links (Edit, Copy, Delete) and checkboxes for multiple row operations even when the selection does not have a unique key. Using row actions in the absence of a unique key may result in different/more rows being affected since there is no guaranteed way to select the exact row(s).

$cfg['RememberSorting']
类型:boolean
Default value:true

If enabled, remember the sorting of each table when browsing them.

$cfg['TablePrimaryKeyOrder']
类型:文本
Default value:'NONE'

This defines the default sort order for the tables, having a primary key, when there is no sort order defines externally. Acceptable values : [‘NONE’, ‘ASC’, ‘DESC’]

$cfg['ShowBrowseComments']
类型:boolean
Default value:true
$cfg['ShowPropertyComments']
类型:boolean
Default value:true

By setting the corresponding variable to true you can enable the display of column comments in Browse or Property display. In browse mode, the comments are shown inside the header. In property mode, comments are displayed using a CSS-formatted dashed-line below the name of the column. The comment is shown as a tool-tip for that column.

文本字段

$cfg['CharEditing']
类型:文本
Default value:'input'

Defines which type of editing controls should be used for CHAR and VARCHAR columns. Applies to data editing and also to the default values in structure editing. Possible values are:

  • 输入框 (input) - 允许限制输入字数使其不超过 MySQL 字段限制,但无法换行

  • 文本框 (textarea) - 可以换行,但没有字数限制

$cfg['MinSizeForInputField']
类型:integer
Default value:4

定义了当编辑 CHAR 和 VARCHAR 字段时所使用输入框的最小大小。

$cfg['MaxSizeForInputField']
类型:integer
Default value:60

定义了当编辑 CHAR 和 VARCHAR 字段时所使用输入框的最大大小。

$cfg['TextareaCols']
类型:integer
Default value:40
$cfg['TextareaRows']
类型:integer
Default value:15
$cfg['CharTextareaCols']
类型:integer
Default value:40
$cfg['CharTextareaRows']
类型:integer
Default value:2

Number of columns and rows for the textareas. This value will be emphasized (*2) for SQL query textareas and (*1.25) for SQL textareas inside the query window.

The Char* values are used for CHAR and VARCHAR editing (if configured via $cfg['CharEditing']).

$cfg['LongtextDoubleTextarea']
类型:boolean
Default value:true

Defines whether textarea for LONGTEXT columns should have double size.

$cfg['TextareaAutoSelect']
类型:boolean
Default value:false

Defines if the whole textarea of the query box will be selected on click.

$cfg['EnableAutocompleteForTablesAndColumns']
类型:boolean
Default value:true

Whether to enable autocomplete for table and column names in any SQL query box.

SQL query box settings

$cfg['SQLQuery']['Edit']
类型:boolean
Default value:true

Whether to display an edit link to change a query in any SQL Query box.

$cfg['SQLQuery']['Explain']
类型:boolean
Default value:true

Whether to display a link to explain a SELECT query in any SQL Query box.

$cfg['SQLQuery']['ShowAsPHP']
类型:boolean
Default value:true

Whether to display a link to wrap a query in PHP code in any SQL Query box.

$cfg['SQLQuery']['Refresh']
类型:boolean
Default value:true

Whether to display a link to refresh a query in any SQL Query box.

Web server upload/save/import directories

If PHP is running in safe mode, all directories must be owned by the same user as the owner of the phpMyAdmin scripts.

If the directory where phpMyAdmin is installed is subject to an open_basedir restriction, you need to create a temporary directory in some directory accessible by the PHP interpreter.

For security reasons, all directories should be outside the tree published by webserver. If you cannot avoid having this directory published by webserver, limit access to it either by web server configuration (for example using .htaccess or web.config files) or place at least an empty index.html file there, so that directory listing is not possible. However as long as the directory is accessible by web server, an attacker can guess filenames to download the files.

$cfg['UploadDir']
类型:文本
Default value:''

The name of the directory where SQL files have been uploaded by other means than phpMyAdmin (for example, ftp). Those files are available under a drop-down box when you click the database or table name, then the Import tab.

If you want different directory for each user, %u will be replaced with username.

Please note that the file names must have the suffix ”.sql” (or ”.sql.bz2” or ”.sql.gz” if support for compressed formats is enabled).

This feature is useful when your file is too big to be uploaded via HTTP, or when file uploads are disabled in PHP.

警告

Please see top of this chapter (Web server upload/save/import directories) for instructions how to setup this directory and how to make its usage secure.

$cfg['SaveDir']
类型:文本
Default value:''

The name of the directory where dumps can be saved.

If you want different directory for each user, %u will be replaced with username.

Please note that the directory must exist and has to be writable for the user running webserver.

警告

Please see top of this chapter (Web server upload/save/import directories) for instructions how to setup this directory and how to make its usage secure.

$cfg['TempDir']
类型:文本
Default value:'./tmp/'

The name of the directory where temporary files can be stored. It is used for several purposes, currently:

This directory should have as strict permissions as possible as the only user required to access this directory is the one who runs the webserver. If you have root privileges, simply make this user owner of this directory and make it accessible only by it:

chown www-data:www-data tmp
chmod 700 tmp

If you cannot change owner of the directory, you can achieve a similar setup using ACL:

chmod 700 tmp
setfacl -m "g:www-data:rwx" tmp
setfacl -d -m "g:www-data:rwx" tmp

If neither of above works for you, you can still make the directory chmod 777, but it might impose risk of other users on system reading and writing data in this directory.

警告

Please see top of this chapter (Web server upload/save/import directories) for instructions how to setup this directory and how to make its usage secure.

Various display setting

$cfg['RepeatCells']
类型:integer
Default value:100

Repeat the headers every X cells, or 0 to deactivate.

$cfg['QueryHistoryDB']
类型:boolean
Default value:false
$cfg['QueryHistoryMax']
类型:integer
Default value:25

If $cfg['QueryHistoryDB'] is set to true, all your Queries are logged to a table, which has to be created by you (see $cfg['Servers'][$i]['history']). If set to false, all your queries will be appended to the form, but only as long as your window is opened they remain saved.

When using the JavaScript based query window, it will always get updated when you click on a new table/db to browse and will focus if you click on Edit SQL after using a query. You can suppress updating the query window by checking the box Do not overwrite this query from outside the window below the query textarea. Then you can browse tables/databases in the background without losing the contents of the textarea, so this is especially useful when composing a query with tables you first have to look in. The checkbox will get automatically checked whenever you change the contents of the textarea. Please uncheck the button whenever you definitely want the query window to get updated even though you have made alterations.

If $cfg['QueryHistoryDB'] is set to true you can specify the amount of saved history items using $cfg['QueryHistoryMax'].

$cfg['BrowseMIME']
类型:boolean
Default value:true

Enable 转换.

$cfg['MaxExactCount']
类型:integer
Default value:500000

For InnoDB tables, determines for how large tables phpMyAdmin should get the exact row count using SELECT COUNT. If the approximate row count as returned by SHOW TABLE STATUS is smaller than this value, SELECT COUNT will be used, otherwise the approximate count will be used.

$cfg['MaxExactCountViews']
类型:integer
Default value:0

For VIEWs, since obtaining the exact count could have an impact on performance, this value is the maximum to be displayed, using a SELECT COUNT ... LIMIT. Setting this to 0 bypasses any row counting.

$cfg['NaturalOrder']
类型:boolean
Default value:true

Sorts database and table names according to natural order (for example, t1, t2, t10). Currently implemented in the navigation panel and in Database view, for the table list.

$cfg['InitialSlidersState']
类型:文本
Default value:'closed'

If set to 'closed', the visual sliders are initially in a closed state. A value of 'open' does the reverse. To completely disable all visual sliders, use 'disabled'.

$cfg['UserprefsDisallow']
类型:array
Default value:array()

Contains names of configuration options (keys in $cfg array) that users can’t set through user preferences. For possible values, refer to libraries/config/user_preferences.forms.php.

$cfg['UserprefsDeveloperTab']
类型:boolean
Default value:false

Activates in the user preferences a tab containing options for developers of phpMyAdmin.

页面标题

$cfg['TitleTable']
类型:文本
Default value:'@HTTP_HOST@ / @VSERVER@ / @DATABASE@ / @TABLE@ | @PHPMYADMIN@'
$cfg['TitleDatabase']
类型:文本
Default value:'@HTTP_HOST@ / @VSERVER@ / @DATABASE@ | @PHPMYADMIN@'
$cfg['TitleServer']
类型:文本
Default value:'@HTTP_HOST@ / @VSERVER@ | @PHPMYADMIN@'
$cfg['TitleDefault']
类型:文本
Default value:'@HTTP_HOST@ | @PHPMYADMIN@'

Allows you to specify window’s title bar. You can use 6.27 What format strings can I use?.

Theme manager settings

$cfg['ThemeManager']
类型:boolean
Default value:true

Enables user-selectable themes. See 2.7 Using and creating themes.

$cfg['ThemeDefault']
类型:文本
Default value:'pmahomme'

The default theme (a subdirectory under ./themes/).

$cfg['ThemePerServer']
类型:boolean
Default value:false

Whether to allow different theme for each server.

Default queries

$cfg['DefaultQueryTable']
类型:文本
Default value:'SELECT * FROM @TABLE@ WHERE 1'
$cfg['DefaultQueryDatabase']
类型:文本
Default value:''

Default queries that will be displayed in query boxes when user didn’t specify any. You can use standard 6.27 What format strings can I use?.

MySQL settings

$cfg['DefaultFunctions']
类型:array
Default value:array(...)

Functions selected by default when inserting/changing row, Functions are defined for meta types as (FUNC_NUMBER, FUNC_DATE, FUNC_CHAR, FUNC_SPATIAL, FUNC_UUID) and for first_timestamp, which is used for first timestamp column in table.

Default options for Transformations

$cfg['DefaultTransformations']
类型:array
Default value:An array with below listed key-values
$cfg['DefaultTransformations']['Substring']
类型:array
Default value:array(0, ‘all’, ‘…’)
$cfg['DefaultTransformations']['Bool2Text']
类型:array
Default value:array(‘T’, ‘F’)
$cfg['DefaultTransformations']['External']
类型:array
Default value:array(0, ‘-f /dev/null -i -wrap -q’, 1, 1)
$cfg['DefaultTransformations']['PreApPend']
类型:array
Default value:array(‘’, ‘’)
$cfg['DefaultTransformations']['Hex']
类型:array
Default value:array(‘2’)
$cfg['DefaultTransformations']['DateFormat']
类型:array
Default value:array(0, ‘’, ‘local’)
$cfg['DefaultTransformations']['Inline']
类型:array
Default value:array(‘100’, 100)
类型:array
Default value:array(‘’, 100, 50)
类型:array
Default value:array(‘’, ‘’, ‘’)

开发

警告

These settings might have huge effect on performance or security.

$cfg['DBG']
类型:array
Default value:array(...)
$cfg['DBG']['sql']
类型:boolean
Default value:false

Enable logging queries and execution times to be displayed in the console’s Debug SQL tab.

$cfg['DBG']['sqllog']
类型:boolean
Default value:false

Enable logging of queries and execution times to the syslog. Requires $cfg['DBG']['sql'] to be enabled.

$cfg['DBG']['demo']
类型:boolean
Default value:false

Enable to let server present itself as demo server. This is used for phpMyAdmin demo server.

It currently changes following behavior:

  • There is welcome message on the main page.
  • There is footer information about demo server and used git revision.
  • The setup script is enabled even with existing configuration.
  • The setup does not try to connect to the MySQL server.

Examples

See following configuration snippets for typical setups of phpMyAdmin.

Basic example

Example configuration file, which can be copied to config.inc.php to get some core configuration layout; it is distributed with phpMyAdmin as config.sample.inc.php. Please note that it does not contain all configuration options, only the most frequently used ones.

<?php
/* vim: set expandtab sw=4 ts=4 sts=4: */
/**
 * phpMyAdmin sample configuration, you can use it as base for
 * manual configuration. For easier setup you can use setup/
 *
 * All directives are explained in documentation in the doc/ folder
 * or at <https://docs.phpmyadmin.net/>.
 *
 * @package PhpMyAdmin
 */

/**
 * This is needed for cookie based authentication to encrypt password in
 * cookie. Needs to be 32 chars long.
 */
$cfg['blowfish_secret'] = ''; /* YOU MUST FILL IN THIS FOR COOKIE AUTH! */

/**
 * Servers configuration
 */
$i = 0;

/**
 * First server
 */
$i++;
/* Authentication type */
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['auth_type'] = 'cookie';
/* Server parameters */
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['host'] = 'localhost';
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['compress'] = false;
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['AllowNoPassword'] = false;

/**
 * phpMyAdmin configuration storage settings.
 */

/* User used to manipulate with storage */
// $cfg['Servers'][$i]['controlhost'] = '';
// $cfg['Servers'][$i]['controlport'] = '';
// $cfg['Servers'][$i]['controluser'] = 'pma';
// $cfg['Servers'][$i]['controlpass'] = 'pmapass';

/* Storage database and tables */
// $cfg['Servers'][$i]['pmadb'] = 'phpmyadmin';
// $cfg['Servers'][$i]['bookmarktable'] = 'pma__bookmark';
// $cfg['Servers'][$i]['relation'] = 'pma__relation';
// $cfg['Servers'][$i]['table_info'] = 'pma__table_info';
// $cfg['Servers'][$i]['table_coords'] = 'pma__table_coords';
// $cfg['Servers'][$i]['pdf_pages'] = 'pma__pdf_pages';
// $cfg['Servers'][$i]['column_info'] = 'pma__column_info';
// $cfg['Servers'][$i]['history'] = 'pma__history';
// $cfg['Servers'][$i]['table_uiprefs'] = 'pma__table_uiprefs';
// $cfg['Servers'][$i]['tracking'] = 'pma__tracking';
// $cfg['Servers'][$i]['userconfig'] = 'pma__userconfig';
// $cfg['Servers'][$i]['recent'] = 'pma__recent';
// $cfg['Servers'][$i]['favorite'] = 'pma__favorite';
// $cfg['Servers'][$i]['users'] = 'pma__users';
// $cfg['Servers'][$i]['usergroups'] = 'pma__usergroups';
// $cfg['Servers'][$i]['navigationhiding'] = 'pma__navigationhiding';
// $cfg['Servers'][$i]['savedsearches'] = 'pma__savedsearches';
// $cfg['Servers'][$i]['central_columns'] = 'pma__central_columns';
// $cfg['Servers'][$i]['designer_settings'] = 'pma__designer_settings';
// $cfg['Servers'][$i]['export_templates'] = 'pma__export_templates';

/**
 * End of servers configuration
 */

/**
 * Directories for saving/loading files from server
 */
$cfg['UploadDir'] = '';
$cfg['SaveDir'] = '';

/**
 * Whether to display icons or text or both icons and text in table row
 * action segment. Value can be either of 'icons', 'text' or 'both'.
 * default = 'both'
 */
//$cfg['RowActionType'] = 'icons';

/**
 * Defines whether a user should be displayed a "show all (records)"
 * button in browse mode or not.
 * default = false
 */
//$cfg['ShowAll'] = true;

/**
 * Number of rows displayed when browsing a result set. If the result
 * set contains more rows, "Previous" and "Next".
 * Possible values: 25, 50, 100, 250, 500
 * default = 25
 */
//$cfg['MaxRows'] = 50;

/**
 * Disallow editing of binary fields
 * valid values are:
 *   false    allow editing
 *   'blob'   allow editing except for BLOB fields
 *   'noblob' disallow editing except for BLOB fields
 *   'all'    disallow editing
 * default = 'blob'
 */
//$cfg['ProtectBinary'] = false;

/**
 * Default language to use, if not browser-defined or user-defined
 * (you find all languages in the locale folder)
 * uncomment the desired line:
 * default = 'en'
 */
//$cfg['DefaultLang'] = 'en';
//$cfg['DefaultLang'] = 'de';

/**
 * How many columns should be used for table display of a database?
 * (a value larger than 1 results in some information being hidden)
 * default = 1
 */
//$cfg['PropertiesNumColumns'] = 2;

/**
 * Set to true if you want DB-based query history.If false, this utilizes
 * JS-routines to display query history (lost by window close)
 *
 * This requires configuration storage enabled, see above.
 * default = false
 */
//$cfg['QueryHistoryDB'] = true;

/**
 * When using DB-based query history, how many entries should be kept?
 * default = 25
 */
//$cfg['QueryHistoryMax'] = 100;

/**
 * Whether or not to query the user before sending the error report to
 * the phpMyAdmin team when a JavaScript error occurs
 *
 * Available options
 * ('ask' | 'always' | 'never')
 * default = 'ask'
 */
//$cfg['SendErrorReports'] = 'always';

/**
 * You can find more configuration options in the documentation
 * in the doc/ folder or at <https://docs.phpmyadmin.net/>.
 */

警告

Don’t use the controluser ‘pma’ if it does not yet exist and don’t use ‘pmapass’ as password.

Example for signon authentication

This example uses examples/signon.php to demonstrate usage of Signon 认证方式:

<?php
$i = 0;
$i++;
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['extension']     = 'mysqli';
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['auth_type']     = 'signon';
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['SignonSession'] = 'SignonSession';
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['SignonURL']     = 'examples/signon.php';
?>`

Example for IP address limited autologin

If you want to automatically login when accessing phpMyAdmin locally while asking for a password when accessing remotely, you can achieve it using following snippet:

if ($_SERVER["REMOTE_ADDR"] == "127.0.0.1") {
    $cfg['Servers'][$i]['auth_type'] = 'config';
    $cfg['Servers'][$i]['user'] = 'root';
    $cfg['Servers'][$i]['password'] = 'yourpassword';
} else {
    $cfg['Servers'][$i]['auth_type'] = 'cookie';
}

注解

Filtering based on IP addresses isn’t reliable over the internet, use it only for local address.

Example for using multiple MySQL servers

You can configure any number of servers using $cfg['Servers'], following example shows two of them:

<?php
$cfg['blowfish_secret']='multiServerExample70518';
//any string of your choice
$i = 0;

$i++; // server 1 :
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['auth_type'] = 'cookie';
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['verbose']   = 'no1';
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['host']      = 'localhost';
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['extension'] = 'mysqli';
// more options for #1 ...

$i++; // server 2 :
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['auth_type'] = 'cookie';
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['verbose']   = 'no2';
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['host']      = 'remote.host.addr';//or ip:'10.9.8.1'
// this server must allow remote clients, e.g., host 10.9.8.%
// not only in mysql.host but also in the startup configuration
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['extension'] = 'mysqli';
// more options for #2 ...

// end of server sections
$cfg['ServerDefault'] = 0; // to choose the server on startup

// further general options ...
?>

Google Cloud SQL with SSL

To connect to Google Could SQL, you currently need to disable certificate verification. This is caused by the certficate being issued for CN matching your instance name, but you connect to an IP address and PHP tries to match these two. With verfication you end up with error message like:

Peer certificate CN=`api-project-851612429544:pmatest' did not match expected CN=`8.8.8.8'

警告

With disabled verification your traffic is encrypted, but you’re open to man in the middle attacks.

To connect phpMyAdmin to Google Cloud SQL using SSL download the client and server certificates and tell phpMyAdmin to use them:

// IP address of your instance
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['host'] = '8.8.8.8';
// Use SSL for connection
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['ssl'] = true;
// Client secret key
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['ssl_key'] = '../client-key.pem';
// Client certificate
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['ssl_cert'] = '../client-cert.pem';
// Server certification authority
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['ssl_ca'] = '../server-ca.pem';
// Disable SSL verification (see above note)
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['ssl_verify'] = false;