转换

注解

You need to have configured the phpMyAdmin 高级功能 for using transformations feature.

介绍

To enable transformations, you have to setup the column_info table and the proper directives. Please see the 设置 on how to do so.

你可以对每个字段的内容使用不同的转换。每个字段中的内容将被预定义的规则所转换。

假设你有一个存有文件名的字段 ‘文件名’ 。正常情况下你只能在 phpMyAdmin 中看到文件名。通过转换你可以将它们转换成一个 HTML 链接,你就能直接在 phpMyAdmin 中点击并在浏览器的新窗口中看到这个文件。你还可以通过转换选项来设置转换所需要的参数。

For a general overview of all available transformations and their options, you can consult your <www.your-host.com>/<your-install- dir>/transformation_overview.php installation.

For a tutorial on how to effectively use transformations, see our Link section on the official phpMyAdmin homepage.

Usage

Go to your tbl_structure.php page (i.e. reached through clicking on the ‘Structure’ link for a table). There click on “Change” (or change icon) and there you will see three new fields at the end of the line. They are called ‘MIME-type’, ‘Browser transformation’ and ‘Transformation options’.

  • ‘MIME 类型’ 是一个下拉框。选择与字段内容一致的 MIME 类型。请注意如果没有选择任何 MIME 类型转换功能是不起作用的。

  • The field ‘Browser transformation’ is a drop-down field. You can choose from a hopefully growing amount of pre-defined transformations. See below for information on how to build your own transformation. There are global transformations and mimetype-bound transformations. Global transformations can be used for any mimetype. They will take the mimetype, if necessary, into regard. Mimetype-bound transformations usually only operate on a certain mimetype. There are transformations which operate on the main mimetype (like ‘image’), which will most likely take the subtype into regard, and those who only operate on a specific subtype (like ‘image/jpeg’). You can use transformations on mimetypes for which the function was not defined for. There is no security check for you selected the right transformation, so take care of what the output will be like.
  • The field ‘Transformation options’ is a free-type textfield. You have to enter transform-function specific options here. Usually the transforms can operate with default options, but it is generally a good idea to look up the overview to see which options are necessary. Much like the ENUM/SET-Fields, you have to split up several options using the format ‘a’,’b’,’c’,...(NOTE THE MISSING BLANKS). This is because internally the options will be parsed as an array, leaving the first value the first element in the array, and so forth. If you want to specify a MIME character set you can define it in the transformation_options. You have to put that outside of the pre- defined options of the specific mime-transform, as the last value of the set. Use the format “’; charset=XXX’”. If you use a transform, for which you can specify 2 options and you want to append a character set, enter “‘first parameter’,’second parameter’,’charset=us-ascii’”. You can, however use the defaults for the parameters: “’‘,’‘,’charset =us-ascii’”. The default options can be configured using $cfg['DefaultTransformations']

File structure

All specific transformations for mimetypes are defined through class files in the directory ‘libraries/classes/Plugins/Transformations/’. Each of them extends a certain transformation abstract class declared in libraries/classes/Plugins/Transformations/Abs.

用文件保存易于定制和添加新的转换。

因为用户不能输入他们的类型,这将保证转换可以正常工作。但这不能避免设置一个转换函数无法处理的类型的问题。

There is a file called ‘transformations.lib.php‘ that provides some basic functions which can be included by any other transform function.

The file name convention is [Mimetype]_[Subtype]_[Transformation Name].class.php, while the abtract class that it extends has the name [Transformation Name]TransformationsPlugin. All of the methods that have to be implemented by a transformations plug-in are:

  1. getMIMEType() and getMIMESubtype() in the main class;
  2. getName(), getInfo() and applyTransformation() in the abstract class it extends.

The getMIMEType(), getMIMESubtype() and getName() methods return the name of the MIME type, MIME Subtype and transformation accordingly. getInfo() returns the transformation’s description and possible options it may receive and applyTransformation() is the method that does the actual work of the transformation plug-in.

Please see the libraries/classes/Plugins/Transformations/TEMPLATE and libraries/classes/Plugins/Transformations/TEMPLATE_ABSTRACT files for adding your own transformation plug-in. You can also generate a new transformation plug-in (with or without the abstract transformation class), by using scripts/transformations_generator_plugin.sh or scripts/transformations_generator_main_class.sh.

The applyTransformation() method always gets passed three variables:

  1. $buffer - Contains the text inside of the column. This is the text, you want to transform.
  2. $options - Contains any user-passed options to a transform function as an array.
  3. $meta - Contains an object with information about your column. The data is drawn from the output of the mysql_fetch_field() function. This means, all object properties described on the manual page are available in this variable and can be used to transform a column accordingly to unsigned/zerofill/not_null/... properties. The $meta->mimetype variable contains the original MIME-type of the column (i.e. ‘text/plain’, ‘image/jpeg’ etc.)